Accreditation status: A
The National Human Rights Council of Morocco (‘the Council’) ) is an independent pluralistic national institution for the protection and promotion of rights and freedoms of the citizens of the Kingdom of Morocco. The Council is regulated by the Rules of Procedures and has the following three mandates:
- To protect and defend human rights and freedoms, that include monitoring the human rights situation in the country; monitoring cases of violations that need necessary investigations; on an urgent basis, intervening whenever there is a source of tension; preventing any possible individual or collective human rights violations;
- To promote human rights through studies for the harmonization of national laws with provisions of international treaties and making recommendations to relevant authorities; submit annual report to the King on the situation of human rights in Morocco;
- To stimulate and encourage thoughts and debates on democracy and human rights through the organization of human rights forums, promotion of plural societal dialogue and the creation of networks of dialogue between similar foreign national human rights institutions.
In order to exercise its mandate and prerogatives, the Council is assisted by 13 regional human rights commissions established in each region of the Kingdom.
Who can access it?
Complaints can be made by persons whose rights have been violated. The Council can also examine human rights violations raised in newspapers and reports, or discovered through visits made by the Council to prisons or child protection centers.
Complaints can also be submitted by third parties on the behalf of the complainant.
How does it work?
Complaints shall be addressed to the chairperson of the regional human rights commissions (regional commissions) whereas complaints set out in articles 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Royal Decree No. 1.11.19 shall be addressed to the President of the National Human Rights Council. In both cases, complaints shall:
- Be submitted in writing. If not possible, the complainant or his/her representative may submit it orally, in which case it shall be written and recorded by the president of the regional office or his/her representative. A copy thereof shall be delivered to the complainant;
- Be signed by the complainant or his/her representative;
- Be supported by evidence and documentation when available;
- Specify, as appropriate, the endeavours that the complainant has taken before the competent authorities.
The regional commission or the competent service at the Council should give a receipt to the complainant containing information about the complaint handling procedure, references of the officer in charge of handling complaints and a phrase indicating that the submission can neither terminate nor suspend the time limits for appeals set forth in the law.
In order to investigate, process and follow up the received complaints, the regional commissions and the Council may require more information or data they deem useful and examine supporting evidence of the presented documents. Moreover, the regional commissions may invite the complainants, his/her representative or the representative of the authority concerned to a hearing, either individually or collectively. In this case, invitation shall be sent seven days prior the date of the hearing.
Both the regional commissions and the Council may set up an ad-hoc sub-commission to hear the parties concerned under the complaint handling procedure.