Case story

  • Netherlands

OECD NCP Netherlands - ICN vs. Kubbinga

India 2001

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The complaint stated that Kubbinga’s Indian suppliers had violated labour rights in the production of footballs. The complaint was based on the report, “The dark side of football - child and adult labour in India’s football industry and the role of FIFA” (June 2000) and subsequent fieldwork.

ICN reported that during a visit to the Indian supplier of Kubbinga it confirmed there were no unions active. Except for some “stitching centres”, there was no indication that home producers receive minimum wages. There were also occupational health and safety concerns. CN stated that there was sufficient evidence to suspect that Adidas footballs (which Kubbinga imports from Mayor & Company) were produced by employees with wages inferior to the minimum wage, without access to trade unions or proper health and security standards. In November 1999, there was strong evidence that this supplier was using child labourers.


After one meeting with ICN and consulting with the OECD Investment Committee, the Dutch NCP rejected the complaint, citing the lack of an investment nexus.


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Contributor(s): This article was modified by Kyle (3), Nicolaclayre (3), and Ejfturnbull (1).